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The Definition of Soursop Plant

Health is an invaluable treasure. Therefore, everyone is willing to do anything to stay healthy. All manners will be done, is that preven than cure.[1]One of each is consuming herb ingredient from processed soursop leaf. Soursop is a plant that is easy to grow and spread in the tropical state which has a sweet, sour taste or is also mentioned as a garden plant and is an annual plant. Soursop plant has high nutrition value. Each of soursop meat contains 3,3 g of fiber, carbohydrate, vitamin c, etc. Soursop is one of the herb plants that each parts can be used as medicine, beginning from fruit, stem, leaf, until root has the merit respectively. Such as mentioned in al- Quran surah an-Nahl 16 : 11

يُنۢبِتُ لَكُم بِهِ ٱلزَّرْعَ وَٱلزَّيْتُونَ وَٱلنَّخِيلَ وَٱلْأَعْنَٰبَ وَمِن كُلِّ ٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ ۗ إِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ لَأيَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُوْنَ

The meaning is :
Allah grows for you with rainwater that plants are ; olive, palm, grape and all of kind of fruits. Actually in that is really a sign (Allah’s power) for those thinking. [2]

Soursop has various types in various places such as queen soursop, irian, tamarind, bali and mandalika.[3]All of soursop has high antioxidant content. It is

cultivated to can used by many people. Such as soursop fruit to prevent and treat diarrhea, ulcer, fever, and flu. Among the parts of soursop plant, the leaf is also useful as medicine for heart disease, diabetes, boil, cholesterol and anticancer which are antioxidant compounds.

Soursop is growing in almost all parts of Indonesia. However, because the leaf used for health. So according to Dr. Paul Wahyudi Halim explained to the users to know the exact location of the growth. Such as do not take the soursop leaf from plant that grow on the roadside or yard of house that near on back and forth over the vehicles because risky in containing heavy metal. Therefore, public must be careful in choosing the soursop leaf that grow on the roadside for consumption. Beside of that, the benefit boiled of soursop leaf can be felt if drinking it routine every day.[4]

Consuming excessive the boiled water of soursop leaf also has a risk of side effect for body. So the public must be careful, if the disease in body does not hurt again, stop consuming the boiled water of soursop leaf before it be high risk. If soursop leaf consumed in excessive amount, the risk of side effect will be higher.

Manufacture of Soursop Leaf for Making Tea

Tea is drinking most often consumed in the world after water. The other as refreshing drinking, tea has benefits for body and can be consumed by brewing. Tea product is not only generated from the tea leaf. However can be generated from the other leaf that is soursop leaf contain carbohydrate, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B, and vitamin C. Brew is fragrant drinking, made by pouring the boiling water to seed (coffee) that pounded or dry plant (tea, herb tea). Coffee and tea contains the caffeine, stimulant can be caused the addiction and other dangerous influence if consumed excessive. Influence from herb tea it is more diverse and not understood. Herb tea is drinking made by brewing the plant or herb of dry aromatic. Herb tea is said has a calming effect, help the digestion, healing or as tonic.[5]

Tea of soursop leaf has the benefit to treatment several disease, one of it is cancer. The other process to be tea, soursop leaf also can be processed to capsule in order to can durable. The process of soursop leaf for making tea/capsule use the fresh leaf, not very old leaf and not very young coloured green of fresh dark.

Manner to making it :
Ingredient :
- Soursop leaf

Steps :

- Take 3-5 pieces soursop leaf then boil with clean water, wait the minutes then up and strain the residue then pour it into glass.

The other leaf, it appears the soursop fruit is ingredient of potential wine. And in other country the public processed the soursop leaf to be porridge, canned drink, and ruasted of soursop fruit.

The Effect of Consuming the Boiled Water of Soursop Leaf Excessive

Released from the all benefits, consume the soursop leaf is getting the side effects. One of each that can happen interference on heart and kidney. If consumed the soursop leaf in excessive amount, the risk comes higher. Not only that some supplements are made from soursop leaf can even be damage the nerves. Usually this side effect comes if the supplement consumed on a long period of time. May be the soursop leaf was poisonous for kidney or heart with repeated using. Because of that, the people has problem in heart or kidney not suggest to consuming the soursop leaf. According to Dr. M. Dejandra Rasnaya, that side effect do not necessarily happen to everyone, it could be in only one person or two persons. So, the side effect is just as suggestion so that don’t happen to others.

Nevertheless, copied from source amount of consume the soursop leaf also that can give some side effect to body if consumed excessive or a long period are:

1. Diarrhea

Drinking the boiled water of soursop leaf that can caused the diarrhea. Mentioned of liquid that can change the feces to liquid. This side effect is not underestimate because can cause lack the liquid until make a body was low. If this water would happen, so it would be good for drinking waters in order to spared from dehydration. If the effect is feeling, as soon as look for the aid in order to dehydration can contend quickly.[6]

2. Queasy

Consume the boiled water by a lot amount also that can caused queasy. This queasy can also trigger the queasy and discomfort in digestive tract.[7]

3. Problem in Womb

Consume the soursop leaf in excessive amount will make the womb wall contract. Because of that, this would be very fatal for pregnant woman and who are planning a pregnancy. The bad impact can even increase the risk of miscarriage or preterm birth.[8]

4. The Kidney Forced to do Harder

At the body consumed boiled water of soursop leaf, so it’s a sign that kidney must do harder to filtering it. And can caused the urine be surfeited. The urine surfeited will form the crystal in kidney. According to Dr. Sidi Aritjahja, a doctor and a herbalist at Yogyakarta. Consumed the soursop leaf is best integrate with herb that has the diuretic, it is to droping the urine such as dill, and cumin.[9]

5. Reduce the Blood Pressure

The soursop leaf is not agree or has the contraindicate for hypertension victim. This manner be caused with effect soursop leaf that can widen the blood vessel until it be decreased. Because of that, determine the blood pressure stay at normal revolution before consuming the soursop leaf.[10]

The prospector herb also need to give for anticipating the side effect that may be emerge from first herb. So, how to restrain the side effect of soursop leaf, that are :
Choosing the soursop leaf that still fresh or just picked.
Avoiding to drink the soursop leaf water after or before drinking the medicine in order to not complication.
Drinking much water in order to kidney is helped.

After knowing the side effects of soursop leaf. So, don’t be afraid to used it as treatment. But consume it naturally with the other food as usual. Because consume the fruit or soursop leaf on natural amount is not proven brings the bad danger.

[1] Intan Nisa, 10 Jenis Penyakit Demam Ramuan Herbal (Bandung : lingkar media, cet. ke -1, 2018), p. 1

[2]Tim Desain Qomari, Al-Quran Parallel Indonesia- English (Solo : Bina Pustaka, 2017), p. 268

[3] Heri Permata, Tanaman Obat Traditional ( Bandung : Titian Ilmu, 2007), p. 77

[4]Redaksi Trubus, Dan Sirsak VS Kanker (Depok :PT Trubus Swadaya, cet. ke -7, 2012), p. 49

[5]Jacques Fortin, Visual Ilmu dan pengetahuan populer , terj. Widodo ( Kanada : QA international, cet. Ke -1, 2006), p. 112

[6]Redaksi Trubus, op. cit., p .38

[7]Ibid., p. 25

[8]Ibid., p. 62

[9]Ibid., p. 19

[10]Ibid., p. 31