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The General Illustration Of Egg

The General Illustration Of Egg

A. The Definition of Egg

The egg is one material compact nutrient cropped by bird, the egg can benefit for requirement various. some kind of egg is turn in the market, but just kind of egg certain it can be trade and consumption by human there are chicken egg, duck egg, quail egg and goose egg. It fact, chicken egg the most popular in consumen area.

The egg is a food good for child growing and need protein in majority, the egg also so good to consumption for pregnant mother, give suck mother and people sick.

The egg is constituted source of protein so good beside milk, the egg is rich in amino sours, carbohydrate, fat, vitamin, and mineral. Egg protein is a protein high quality and digested, in the egg much of protein be found at egg yolk, as many 16.5% while in white egg as many 10.9%, in the other flank close all the fat be found in the egg yolk, it is reached 32%, while in the white egg be found fat in a little sum, in the order word the white egg in protein well, white egg yolk is fat well.

Read Too: The Benefits Of Egg

The egg consist to skin egg, kutikula, skin white egg (albumen), egg yolk (yolk), germ sport and air pocket, structure of the egg can see in the picture bellow:

Picture 1. Structure of the egg

Explaining:
1. Skin Egg
2. Membrane skin egg
3. Thick albumen
4. The albumen is coat the egg yolk
5. Membrane outsides skin
6. Thin albumen
7. Kalaza
8. Albumen
9. Part dark of egg yolk
10. Part light of egg yolk
11. Part of embryo
12. Candidate of embryo
13. Membrane of vitamin
14. Air cavity

Skin Egg

Skin of egg is part of wrapping layer by cuticle in the outsides part. Skin egg has thick surface, stiff and hard who has function as egg protected from damage, there are two anat or membrane is coat kerabang membrane of skin consist two lagen, there are; outside and inside membrane.

Outside membrane more thick then inside membrane, the thick skin membrane every kind of egg be different, there are chicken egg 0.01 mm until 0.02 mm, duck egg and goose egg has skin thickness around 0.3 until 0.5 mm, while quail egg has skin thickness 0.19 mm.

Skin membrane function to restrain join the microorganism from outside and to protect the albumen (white egg), kalaza function to placing on a solid footing egg yolk position. Kalaza layer also constitute o divider between albumin and egg yolk, the component of composer albumen consist on the wather, foods, organic and anorganic material, now the composer component egg albumen can be set out in the table below.


Egg Yolk

The egg yolk is part of egg have the shape of circle, yellow color, and located in middle place, egg yolk of chicken much be pregnant lute in zat.

The egg yolk be pregnant a weather, protein, fat, and some mineral egg yolk border with white egg and wrapped by some layer it’s called the vitelin membrane, this membrane arranged of protein is called a keratin, egg yolk located in to egg central and elastic quality, yellow color at egg yolk be caused of sentrofil pregnant is from chickens food, the other pigment much from in is pigment karotenoid.

White Egg (Albumin)

The albumin or familiar names white egg a little greenness color, albumin have high weather pregnant, elastic quality and protect an egg from a shake.

White egg shape agency framer good foam, this matter resulted by interaction between constituent protein various. Requirement of base protein for shape agency farmer a god it is ability with hery in the interface air-weather as long as shaking and compose viskoelastis layer by interaction intermolecular, shape is dispense colloid from gas faze in liquid faze, it can be shape when the egg shacked. Mechanism formed egg shape is opened bounds in protein molecule until he chain of protein been more long next the air is enter between molecules opened it chain and endured until happen the promoter volume. The shaking white egg can be influence the volume of white shape. More little get caught the air, the formed of foam more soft while more much the air get caught, the foam is formed more stiff and the characteristic current.


B. The Kinds of Egg

The egg has various kind, more general consuptioned by human, are chicken egg, duck egg, goose egg and quali egg;

Chicken egg

The egg of chicken is one of bird product is so many consumptioned by human, neare in the entire of word by uterus, the high protein and useful for body.

Usually be found two types are egg layer chicken is light in weight of egg layer has the small body and cute body, It’s color is white and have a red comb and sensitive white the weather and stir while medium egg layer chicken has the heavy body and have brown body hair the egg yielded also brown color.

Duck egg

The egg of duck is one of animals food, the egg of duck has the delicious taste as egg chicken matter, egg of duck is agree to friend of breakfast and much of human used it for gift.

Last days to cause the egg of duck always used help the other animal is smart to imprison its egg, example manila duck, goose, chicken and etc. between it more good is manila duck and goose, the uniqueness from two kind it is can imprison as long two period of hatching. The egg of duck also much consumtioned by Indonesian, the egg of duck us have color of egg shell is green bluish. With more bigly the side from egg of chicken, egg of duck usually mannered to be salty egg, and to material of making the cake, it can’t to substitute by the other egg.

The egg of duck is hatched by 2 types are: hatching in a traditional manner and in a modern manner. In a traditional manner is by helped the other animal while hatching in a modern manner used, system sophisticated system by incubator it can arranged in automatic manner while temperature, humidity or it turning like in the picture below;

Goose egg

The goose is kind of bird as long this much live stocked just as hobby only. Nevertheless, the goose can be exploited for taken his meat and his egg, the egg of goose, it is not familiar. The goose have a body most big than duck, the goose have side of egg the most big than egg of chicken and duck, the egg of goose have the color of egg shell is white clean, one egg of goose has mass around 155 gram with diameter of egg around 74 mm and the long egg is 133 mm.

As long this, the egg of goose certain not much can we find in the market. Majority exploited his part of egg shell as industry material.

Quail egg

The quail live stocked for take it egg, quail egg so familiar at the human. Quail egg have small side, just 1/3 from chicken egg side, quail egg parceled by egg shell whit the black design color.

C. The Content of Protein in the Egg

The protein is one of vitamin useful for growth of body, include growth of brain call every kilogram of body human need protein asupan as many 1 gram, so of the heavy on body the average Indonesian 55 kg, if a sups ion needed as 55 gram every body

The first component of egg is skin egg, white egg (albumen) and egg yolk the third composition of this component is different suspended to kind of egg. It so happens composition from it component can be set out in the table below;

Table 2. The component of egg.

Kind

Heavy Egg (gr)

Be Based on Heavy Egg

White egg

Egg yolk

Skin egg

Quail

11,3

59.7

32.7

7.4

Chicken

58

55.8

31.9

12.3

Goose

200

52.5

35.1

12.4

Duck

80

52.9

35.6

12.5


Chicken

An egg of chicken, contain around 12.8 gram protein, percentage uterus of protein in the egg of chicken to a ground 12.7%. Certainly this point out uterus protein in an egg of chicken more high than a glass of milk. The protein in 100 ml just 3% high and it low of protein in a food be hanging uterus of water more from an egg.

The tradition of drinking a egg of village chicken nostrum for Indonesian human as more strengthen the myth, that the egg of village chicken have more high nutrient. But, emerged rhyme the innovation from the egg chicken ras product shaped omage -3, the consume inclined to choose an egg omega -3.

Component

White egg (Percent)

Egg yolk

A egg

Protein

10.9

16.5

12.7

Fat

Little

32.0

11.3

Carbohydrate

1.0

1.0

1.0

Wather

87.0

49.0

74.0

Mineral

0.60

1.7

1.0

Calcium

6.0

147.0

54.0

Vitamin A

0

600.0

270.0

Vitamin B

0.01

427

0.10

Table.

 

 

 

 

Duck

The nutrient uterus in the egg of duck is mineral, vitamin B6, pantotenat sour, thiamin, vitamin A, vitamin E, niasin and vitamin B12, the comparison is zat nutrient in egg of duck laid out on the table below;

 Nutrient

Composition

Energy (kale)

185.00

Protein (g)

12.81

Total of fat (g)

13.77

Carbohydrate

1.45

Calcium / ca (mg)

64.00

Iron / Fe (mg)

3.85

Magnesium / (mg)

17.00

Faston / P (mg)

220.00

Cilium / K (mg)

222.00

Natrium / Na (mg)

146.00

Seng / zn (mg)

1.41

Capper / cu (mg)

0.06

Mangon / mn (mg)

0.04

Thiamin (mg)

0.16

Riboflavin (mg)

0.40

 

 

Goose

100 gram egg of goose contain the protein, fat and carbohydrate. Uterus composition is nutrient in 100 gram egg of goose laid out on the table below;

Nutrient

Composition

Wather (g)

70.43

Energy

185

Protein

13.87

Fat

13.27

Carbohydrate

1.35

Abu

1.08

Calcium

-

Fospor

-

Iron

-

 Quail


While have small side, the uterus of nutrium in an egg of quail it can’t be trifling. As egg of chicken, duck and goose. The egg of quail contain the important nutrition for body.

The contain of protein in 100 gram egg of quail or around 10 eggs 1s 13.05 gram. A thought it have small side, the uterus mineral in the egg of quail is not be hesitated. As much the important mineral, example calcium, zat iron, phosphor, cilium, natryum, seng, capper and mangan be contained in an egg of quail.


 Nutrient

Composition

Energy

158.00

Protein

13.05

Total of fat

11.09

Carbohydrate

0.41

Calcium / ca

64.00

Iron / Fe

3.65

Magnesium / mg

13.00

Faston / P

226.00

Cilium / K

132.00

Natrium / Na

141.00


So, it not be hesintanted that by consume the egg of quail, if the body will be gotten the important nutrition, as a content in the egg of chicken, only just because it small side, is total consuming as more, a egg of quail have Massa although 10 until 12 gram.